Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Science Advances, Volume 2, p.e1600477-e1600477 (2016)
Keywords:Layered Halide Perovskites, light-matter interactions, Non-linear, Optical Stark Effect, opto-spin-logic, Rabi-splitting, room temperature, Solution Processed, Spin-selective, Ultrafast
Ultrafast spin manipulation for opto–spin logic applications requires material systems that have strong spin-selective light-matter interaction. Conventional inorganic semiconductor nanostructures [for example, epitaxial II to VI quantum dots and III to V multiple quantum wells (MQWs)] are considered forerunners but encounter challenges such as lattice matching and cryogenic cooling requirements. Two-dimensional halide perovskite semiconductors, combining intrinsic tunable MQW structures and large oscillator strengths with facile solution processability, can offer breakthroughs in this area. We demonstrate novel room-temperature, strong ultrafast spin-selective optical Stark effect in solution-processed (C6H4FC2H4NH3)2PbI4 perovskite thin films. Exciton spin states are selectively tuned by 6.3 meV using circularly polarized optical pulses without any external photonic cavity (that is, corresponding to a Rabi energy of 55 meV and equivalent to applying a 70 T magnetic field), which is much larger than any conventional system. The facile halide and organic replacement in these perovskites affords control of the dielectric confinement and thus presents a straightforward strategy for tuning light-matter coupling strength.