Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Physical Review Materials, American Physical Society, Volume 3, Number 5 (2019)
Keywords:Anticorrelation, Carrier concentration, Conversion efficiency, Electric insulators, Electronic systems, Fermi wave vectors, Heavy metals, Interconversions, Iridium compounds, Locks (fasteners), Logic devices, Measurement techniques, Perovskite, Spin conversion, Spin-logic devices, Strontium, Strontium compounds, thin films, Two-materials
Efficient charge to spin conversion is important for low-power spin logic devices. Spin and charge interconversion is commonly performed using heavy metals and topological insulators, while the field of oxides is not yet fully explored. Strontium iridate thin films were grown, where the different crystal structures form a perfect playground to understand the key factors in obtaining high charge to spin conversion efficiency (i.e., large spin Hall angle). It was found that the semiconducting Sr2IrO4 has a spin Hall angle of ∼0.1 (depending on measurement technique), which is promising for a spin-orbit coupled electronic system and comparable to Pt. In contrast, the perovskite SrIrO3, reported to have a Dirac cone near the Fermi level, has a larger spin Hall angle of 0.3-0.4 degrees. The largest difference between the two materials is a large degree of spin-momentum locking in SrIrO3, comparable to known topological insulators. A simple semiclassical relationship is found where the spin Hall angle increases for higher degrees of spin-momentum locking and it also increases for lower Fermi wave vectors. This relationship is then able to explain the decreased spin Hall angle below 10 nm film thickness in SrIrO3, by relating it to the correspondingly higher carrier concentration (related to the higher Fermi wave vector). Breaking the commonly believed anticorrelation between resistivity and carrier concentration paves a pathway to lower power losses due to resistance while keeping large spin Hall angles. © 2019 American Physical Society.
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