Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:ACS Nano, Volume 4, Number 10, p.6071-6079 (2010)
Keywords:Atomic columns, bismuth, Bismuth ferrites, Charged domain wall, Competing orders, Domain walls, electrons, ferrite, ferroelectric domain walls, Ferroelectric materials, ferroelectricity, Ginzburg Landau theory, heterostructures, oxygen, Perovskite, Phase-contrast imaging, Polarization, Precise analysis, Principal component analysis, Principal Components, Relative contribution, Scanning, scanning transmission electron microscopy, Shape analysis, Structural order parameter, transmission electron microscopy, Wall energy, Z-contrast scanning
Oxygen octahedral tilts underpin the functionality of a large number of perovskite-based materials and heterostructures with competing order parameters. We show how a precise analysis of atomic column shapes in Z-contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy images can reveal polarization and octahedral tilt behavior across uncharged and charged domain walls in BiFeO3. This method is capable of visualizing octahedral tilts to much higher thicknesses than phase contrast imaging. We find that the octahedral tilt transition across a charged domain wall is atomically abrupt, while the associated polarization profile is diffuse (1.5-2 nm). Ginzburg-Landau theory then allows the relative contributions of polarization and the structural order parameters to the wall energy to be determined. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
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