Magnetotransport anisotropy effects in epitaxial magnetite thin films
Epitaxial films of magnetite (Formula presented) have been grown on (Formula presented) (100) and sapphire (α-(Formula presented) 0001) substrates by pulsed laser deposition, and they exhibit crystal orientations of  and , respectively. Films of both orientations show a clear Verwey transition near 120 K. The temperature dependence of magnetoresistance of the films is examined at fields up to 8.5 T applied parallel to the film plane. The  oriented films show a pronounced extremum in magnetoresistance (MR) at the Verwey transition temperature (Formula presented) while no such feature is observed in the case of the  oriented films. However, the  oriented films exhibit a sudden change in the MR dependence on (Formula presented) at (Formula presented) and films of both orientations show a rapid increase of MR as the temperature is decreased below about 110 K. An attempt is made to analyze these data in terms of the known anisotropy in magnetostriction and optical magnon-phonon dispersions, and the small polaron band and hopping conductivity mechanisms. © 1998 The American Physical Society.
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
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