Low voltage performance of Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 capacitors through donor doping

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Applied Physics Letters, American Institute of Physics Inc., Volume 71, Number 24, p.3578-3580 (1997)


We report low voltage (1.5-3 V) performance of ferroelectric Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 based capacitors. La substitution up to 10% was performed to systematically lower the coercive and saturation voltages of epitaxial ferroelectric capacitors grown on Si using a (Ti0.9Al0.1)N/Pt conducting barrier composite. Ferroelectric capacitors substituted with 10% La show significantly lower coercive voltage compared to capacitors with 0% and 3% La. This is attributed to a systematic decrease in the tetragonality (i.e., c/a ratio) of the ferroelectric phase. Furthermore, the samples doped with 10% La showed dramatically better retention and pulse width dependent polarization compared to the capacitors with 0% and 3% La. These capacitors show promise as storage elements in low power high density memory architectures. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.


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