Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Volume 70, Number 14, p.144101-1-144101-8 (2004)
Keywords:Article, conductance, dielectric constant, electricity, film, Lanthanum, laser, low temperature, oxygen, room temperature, titanium derivative
We investigated the dielectric response of CaCu3Ti 4O12 (CCTO) thin films grown epitaxially on LaAlO 3 (001) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The dielectric response of the films was found to be strongly dominated by a power law in frequency, typical of materials with localized hopping charge carriers, in contrast to the Debye-like response of the bulk material. The film conductivity decreases with annealing in oxygen, and it suggests that oxygen deficit is a cause of the relatively high film conductivity. With increase of the oxygen content, the room temperature frequency response of the CCTO thin films changes from the response indicating the presence of some relatively low conducting capacitive layers to purely power law, and then toward a frequency independent response with a relative dielectric constant ε′ ∼ 102. The film conductance and dielectric response decrease upon decrease of the temperature, with dielectric response being dominated by the power-law frequency dependence. Below ∼80 K, the dielectric response of the films is frequency independent with ε′ close to 102. The results provide another piece of evidence for an extrinsic, Maxwell-Wagner type, origin of the colossal dielectric response of the bulk CCTO material, connected with electrical inhomogeneity of the bulk material.
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